Article Type:  Original Article

Title:  A hospital based cross-sectional study on determining of prevalence and risk factors of eye disease among diabetes in a teaching tertiary care hospital in India

Year: 2022; Volume: 2; Issue: 1; Page No: 10 – 16

Authors:  Senthilvel Vasudevan1 , Amitha Prasad2


Affiliations: 1Assistant Professor of Statistics, Department of Pharmacy Practice, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.  2Biostatistician Technician, IQVIA, World Trade Center Kochi (Brigarde), 7th floor, Tower A, Info Park SEZ, Info Park Phase-1 Campus, Kakkanad, Kochi, Kerala, India.

Article Summary:  Submitted: 08-January-2022; Revised: 06-February-2022; Accepted: 22-March-2022; Published: 31-March-2022


Background:  This study aimed to determine the prevalence of Diabetic Retinopathy and to find the associated risk factors of DR among known Type II DM patients.

Materials and Methods:  A hospital-based cross-sectional and single center study was conducted among Type II DM patients with and without DR in the department of Endocrinology with a sample size of 150 with DM patients in 2018.  Data were expressed as mean, standard deviation, proportions, Chi-Square, t-test test and Binary Logistic Regression analysis.

Results: Diabetic patients 150 were identified as Type II DM as per inclusion criteria with aged 30 years and above.  Among 150 Diabetic patients, 39 (26%) patients had Diabetic Retinopathy and 111 (74%) patients were not having Diabetic Retinopathy. The association between groups (with and no DR) and duration of DM were very highly significant with p-value < 0.01. DR prevalence was higher in female when compared with male population.

Conclusion:  From our study, we have concluded that the prevalence of DR was very high. DR was strongly associated with HbA1C, FBS, duration of DM, medication, duration of hypertension and smoking.  Hence, there is a need for regular screening check-up with ophthalmologist to prevent diabetic retinopathy or to prolong or to escape from the vision loss.

Keywords:  type II diabetic mellitus, diabetic retinopathy, prevalence, risk factors

Conflict of Interest:  The authors are not having any kind of conflict of interest.

Source of Funding: The authors haven’t get any type of funding from the parent institution, or any other financial institutions.

Corresponding Author: 

Dr. Senthilvel Vasudevan,

Assistant Professor of Statistics,

Department of Pharmacy Practice,

College of Pharmacy,

King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences,

Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Email ID:

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